Advertisement

Study of Metal-Induced Effects of Cd, Sb and Zn on d.c./a.c. Conduction and Photoconduction in Binary Se70Te30 Glass

  • Shobhit Saraswat
  • V. K. Tomar
  • N. MehtaEmail author
  • A. Dahshan
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reports the temperature dependence of d.c. and a.c. conductivity in the glassy alloys of Se70Te30 and Se70Te28M2 (M = Cd, Sb, Zn). The role of the Cd, Sb, Zn elements as foreign atoms has been examined on the d.c./a.c. conduction and photoconduction in binary Se70Te30 glass. These multi-component chalcogenide glasses have been prepared by conventional, cost-effective and well-known melt-quench technique. Thermally activated a.c. conduction shows the presence of the compensation effect that is confirmed by the Meyer–Neldel relation between the associated activation energy and the pre-factor of a.c. conductivity. The metal-induced effects of Cd, Sb, Zn on the photosensitivity of parent glass are also discussed.

Keywords

Glass d.c. conductivity photosensitivity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author (A. Dahshan) gratefully thanks the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University for financial support through research groups program under grant number (R.G.P.2/34/40). NM wishes to acknowledge the financial assistance received under University with Potential for Excellence (UPE) Programme of UGC, New Delhi, India (Scheme No. 4204).

References

  1. 1.
    T. Ohta, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 3, 609 (2001).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Mehta, J. Sci. Ind. Res. 65, 777 (2006).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Tanaka, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 18, 321 (2007).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.-C. Chou, S.-Y. Yang, and Y.-S. Wang, Mater. Chem. Phys. 78, 366 (2003).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.M. Vaezi-Nejad and C. Juhasz, J. Mater. Sci. 24, 471 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.C. Das, M.B. Baver, and D.R. Uhlmann, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 7, 251 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.K. El-Mously and M.M. El-Zaidia, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 265 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.O. Kasap, T. Wagner, V. Aiyah, O. Krylouk, A. Bekirov, and L. Tichy, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3779 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.T. Mora, Amorphous Insulators and Semiconductors, ed. M.F. Thorpe and M.I. Mitkova (Bostan: Kluwer, 1996), p. 45.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Adachi and K.C. Kao, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 6326 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Kiyota, A. Teshima, and M. Tanaka, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 289 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Akiyama, M. Uno, H. Kituara, K. Narumi, K. Nishiuchi, and N. Yamada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1598 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Bureau, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Lucas, X. Zhang, and J. Lucas, Molecules 14, 4337 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Opt. Mater. 25, 109 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. Desevedavy, G. Renversez, L. Brilland, P. Houizot, J. Troles, Q. Coulombier, F. Smektala, N. Traynor, and J.L. Adam, Appl. Opt. 47, 6014 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Petit, N. Carlie, B. Zdyrko, I. Luzinov, K. Richardson, J. Hu, A. Agarwal, L. Kimerling, T. Anderson, and M. Richardson, Progress on the fabrication of on-chip, integrated chalcogenide glass (ChG)-based sensors, in Frontiers in Optics 2009/Laser Science XXV/Fall 2009 OSA Optics & Photonics Technical Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper AWB2.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N.A. Hegab, M. Fadel, I.S. Yahia, A.M. Salem, and A.S. Farid, J. Electron. Mater. 42, 3397 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.A. Afifi, N.A. Hegab, A.M. Shakra, A.S. Farid, and A.M. Alrebati, J. Electron. Mater. 44, 87 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. Shukla, D.K. Dwivedi, and N. Mehta, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 27, 1203 (2016).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.A. Alvi, J. Electron. Mater. 46, 1223 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H.E. Atyia, J. Electron. Mater. 46, 2130 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    N. Chandel, N. Mehta, and A. Kumar, J. Electron. Mater. 44, 2585 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    E.G. El-Metwally and A.M. Shakra, J. Electron. Mater. 47, 4663 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. Mehta, D. Kumar, and A. Kumar, Mater. Lett. 61, 3167 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Sharma, N. Mehta, and A. Kumar, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 3468 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    N.F. Mott, Phil. Mag. 22, 7 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.A. Street, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1187 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Kumar and N. Mehta, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 5634 (2017).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Srivastava and N. Mehta, Dalton Trans. 47, 10187 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    S.K. Sharma, R.K. Shukla, P.K. Dwivedi, and A. Kumar, Phase Transitions 90, 1001 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Reynolds, M. Brinza, M.L. Benkhedir, and G.J. Adriaenssens, Photoconductivity in materials research.Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials. Springer Handbooks, ed. S. Kasap and P. Capper (Cham: Springer, 2017), Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    P. Sharma, N. Sharma, S. Sharda, S.C. Katyal, and V. Sharma, Prog. Solid State Chem. 44, 131 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. Mathew and J. Philip, Pramana J. Phys. 53, 891 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Mathew and J. Philip, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 11, 5283 (1999).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. Kumar and S. Kumar, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 7, 1463 (2005).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Shukla and S. Kumar, AIP Conf. Proc. 1349, 513 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. Main and A.E. Owen, Electronic and Structural Properties of Amorphous Semiconductors, ed. P.G. Le Comber and J. Mort (London: Academic Press, 1973), p. 527.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    R.A. Street and N.F. Mott, Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 1293 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    N.F. Mott, E.A. Davis, and R.A. Street, Phil. Mag. 32, 961 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Onozuka, O. Oda, and J. Tsuboya, Thin Solid Films 149, 9 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communications, Institute of Engineering and TechnologyGLA UniversityMathuraIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsInstitute of Science, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKing Khalid UniversityAbhaSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of Physics, Faculty of SciencePort Said UniversityPort SaidEgypt

Personalised recommendations