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Core-Double Shell Nano-hybrids Designed by Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes, Polyaniline and Polythiophenes in PBDT-DTNT:PC61BM Solar Cells

  • As’ad AlizadehEmail author
  • Samira AgbolaghiEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Core–mantle–shell supramolecules composed of carbon nanotube (CNT)-graft-polyaniline (PANI), poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), and poly[benzodithiophene-bis(decyltetradecyl-thien) naphthothiadiazole] (PBDT-DTNT) precursors were designed and utilized in PBDT-DTNT:phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) solar cells. Weight ratio of polymer:CNT-graft-PANI was 9:1 and the weight ratios were 1:1 in binary and 1:1:1 in ternary systems. Diameters of core(CNT)–mantle(PANI), core(CNT)–mantle(PANI)–shell(P3HT), and core(CNT)–mantle(PANI)–shell(PBDT-DTNT) nanostructures ranged in 75–90 nm, 145–160 nm, and 120–130 nm, respectively. Efficacies of 6.82% (13.92 mA/cm2, 0.71 V, 69%, 7.1 × 10−3 cm2/V s and 1.9 × 10−2 cm2/V s) and 7.60% (14.66 mA/cm2, 0.73 V, 71%, 9.0 × 10−3 cm2/V s and 3.4 × 10−2 cm2/V s) were acquired for photovoltaics based on the nanostructures having PBDT-DTNT and P3HT shells, respectively. The PANI mantle may act as both acceptor (accepting the electrons from core) and donor (donating the electrons to shell) in the configuration of core–mantle–shell supramolecules. The P3HT shells acted better than the PBDT-DTNT ones, originated from the simple structure of P3HT backbones and their more ordered and thicker shells, and thus had larger charge mobilities and currents.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

PANI P3HT PBDT-DTNT core–mantle–shell photovoltaic device 

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Supplementary material

11664_2019_7702_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (599 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 599 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of ZakhoZakho CityIraq
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran

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