Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 10, pp 6561–6569 | Cite as

Measurement of Electrical Properties of Sn-Bi-In Alloys

  • M. R. Kumar
  • C. K. BeheraEmail author
  • S. Mohan


The electrical properties of Sn-Bi-In ternary alloys were measured using the four-point probe method along three cross sections of the phase diagram (ratio of tin to bismuth 2:1, 1:1 and 1:2). The current–voltage relationship was measured for all the alloys from 38°C to 90°C. The variation of electrical resistivity with temperature was studied for all the ternary alloys and Pb-Sn binary alloys using the four-point probe method. The resistivity of ternary alloys was compared with Pb-Sn binary alloys. The resistivity of a few of the ternary alloys, 7Sn-3Bi-90In, 5Sn- 5Bi-90In and 3Sn-7Bi-90In, were close to the values of Pb-Sn alloys.


Electrical property resistivity Sn-Bi-In lead-free system voltage effect 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University)VaranasiIndia

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