Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 10, pp 6397–6405 | Cite as

Construction of 2D Bi2S3/CdS Nanosheet Arrays for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Evolution

  • Mengru Yang
  • Yonghong Shi
  • Yuangang LiEmail author
  • Huajing Li
  • Ningdan Luo
  • Jin Li
  • Jing Fan
  • Anning Zhou


2D Bi2S3/CdS nanosheet arrays have been constructed by a simple three-step method. Firstly, BiOI nanosheet arrays have been electrochemically grown on the surface of conductive FTO substrate and then converted into Bi2S3 nanosheet arrays by ion exchange. Finally, CdS was hydrothermally deposited onto the surface of Bi2S3 nanosheet arrays to form hybrid Bi2S3/CdS nanosheet arrays. The obtained hybrid heterojunction arrays have been used as photoanodes for photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution and showed enhanced performance and prolonged stability. The photocurrent density of the elegant Bi2S3/CdS nanosheet arrays reaches 9.48 mA/cm2 at 1.23 VRHE under an illumination of 100 mW/cm2 from AM 1.5G sun simulator, which is more than ten times higher than that of the pure Bi2S3 nanosheet arrays and the photocurrent density does not decline obviously after 4 h of continuous operation. Ultimately, a rational mechanism is proposed to elucidate the high performance and excellent stability of Bi2S3/CdS nanosheet arrays for photoelectrochemical cells.

Graphic Abstract

To obtain nanosheet arrays: Arrays of Bi2S3/CdS nanosheets on a FTO substrate are synthesized by electrodeposition, ion exchange and hydrothermal process. The Bi2S3/CdS nanosheet photoanodes show better photoactive and photostability compared to bare Bi2S3 (CdS) nanosheets for photoelectrochemical splitting of water.


Bi2S3/CdS nanosheet arrays photoanode hydrogen evolution photoelectrochemical heterostructure 


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This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51674194, 51074122) and the financial support from Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS201825) and the ACS Key Laboratory of Colloids, Interfaces and Thermodynamics. We also thank Prof. Kaiqiang Liu and Mr. Xiangyang Yan (School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University) for their technical support in TEM and XPS measurements.

Supplementary material

11664_2019_7447_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (930 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 929 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXi’an University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Materials ScienceNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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