Visible-Light Photocatalysts of ZrO2/AgCl:Eu3+ Nanoparticles

  • Pham van Huan
  • Phuong Dinh TamEmail author
  • Vuong-Hung PhamEmail author


This paper reports the visible-light photocatalysts and luminescence quenching of ZrO2/AgCl:Eu3+ nanoparticles synthesized by the co-precipitation method as a function of AgCl concentration. XRD analysis indicated the presence of crystalline tetragonal ZrO2 and an AgCl phase. The synthesized ZrO2/AgCl:Eu3+ nanoparticles were observed to have a spherical morphology with diameters of ∼ 20 nm. The photocatalyst with 2.5% mole fractions of AgCl showed effective degradation of methylene blue under visible light with the decolorization percentage reaching ∼ 95% in 180 min. The red emission of Eu3+ in the ZrO2/AgCl:Eu3+ nanoparticles decreased with increasing AgCl mole fraction. Visible-light photocatalysts of ZrO2/AgCl:Eu3+ nanoparticles can be attributed to the presence of AgCl resulting in higher photoexcited charges separation, which can be confirmed by lower luminescence intensity.


Zirconia luminescence precipitation quenching photocatalyst nanoparticles 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under Grant Number 103.03-2017.35.


  1. 1.
    R.H. French, S.J. Glass, F.S. Ohuchi, Y.N. Xu, and W.Y. Ching, Phys. Rev. B. 49, 5133 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.M. Chang and R.A. Doong, Chem. Mater. 17, 4837 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. De la Rosa, L.A. Diaz-Torres, P. Salas, and R.A. Rodríguez, Opt. Mater. 27, 1320 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    I.A.A. Terra, L.J. Borrero-Gonzalez, J.M. Carvalho, M.C. Terrile, M.C.F.C. Felinto, H.F. Brito, and L.A.O. Nunes, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 073105 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.R.N. Soares, C. Nico, D. Oliveira, M. Peres, L. Rino, A.J.S. Fernandes, T. Monteiro, and F.M. Costa, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 177, 712 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Lãpez-Luke, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, C. Angeles-Chavez, L.A. Díaz-Torres, and S. Bribiesca, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 17110 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Gunawidjaja, T. Myint, and H. Eilers, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 14427 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.A. Primus, A. Menski, M.P. Yeste, M.A. Cauqui, and M.U. Kumke, J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 10682 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Lãpez-Romero, M.J. Quiroz-Jiménez, and M. García-Hipãlito, World J. Condens. Matter Phys. 6, 269 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.A. Jiménez, Spectrochim. Acta A. 145, 482 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Murata and K. Morinaga, Proc. SPIE 4102, 316 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R.S. Andréa, E.C. Parisb, M.F.C. Gurgelc, I.L.V. Rosaa, C.O. Paiva-Santosd, M.S. Lie, J.A. Varelad, and E. Longo, J. Alloys Compd. 531, 50 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Ferdov, R.A. Sá Ferreira, and Z. Lin, Chem. Mater. 18, 5958 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Zhang, X. Liu, X. Suo, P. Li, B. Liu, and H. Shi, Mater. Lett. 198, 164 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Xie, C. Wu, Z. Xu, C. Tian, M. Li, and J. Huang, Mater. Lett. 234, 179 (2019).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    X. Yao, C. Zhao, R. He, and X. Liu, Mater. Chem. Phys. 141, 705 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Guo, H. Shi, X. Huang, H. Shi, and Z. An, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 515, 10 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    X. Yao and X. Liu, J. Hazard. Mater. 280, 260 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. Ye, J. Liu, C. Gong, L. Tian, T. Peng, and L. Zan, ACS Catal. 2, 1677 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Karimian, B. Yadollahi, and V. Mirkhani, Dalton Trans. 44, 1709 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Lin, C.P. Huang, W. Li, C. Ni, S.I. Shah, and Y.-H. Tseng, Appl. Catal. B 68, 1 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Choi, K.H. Shin, and J. Jang, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 341, 83 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Begum, J. Manna, and R.K. Rana, Chem.- A Eur. J. 18, 6847 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Institute for Science and Technology (AIST)Hanoi University of Science and Technology (HUST)HanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Material Science and EngineeringPhenikaa UniversityHanoiVietnam

Personalised recommendations