Approach to Defect-Free Lifetime and High Electron Density in CdTe

  • S. K. SwainEmail author
  • J. N. Duenow
  • S. W. Johnston
  • M. Amarasinghe
  • J. J. McCoy
  • W. K. Metzger
  • K. G. Lynn


Achieving simultaneously high carrier density and lifetime is important for II–VI semiconductor-based applications such as photovoltaics and infrared detectors; however, it is a challenging task. In this work, high purity CdTe single crystals doped with indium (In) were grown by vertical Bridgman melt growth under carefully controlled stoichiometry. Two-photon excitation time-resolved photoluminescence was employed to measure bulk recombination lifetime by eliminating surface recombination effects. By adjusting stoichiometry with post growth annealing, high-net free carrier density approaching 1018 cm−3 was achieved simultaneously with lifetime approaching the radiative limit by suppressing non-radiative recombination centers.


n-type CdTe time resolved photoluminescence carrier density life time 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Swain
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. N. Duenow
    • 2
  • S. W. Johnston
    • 2
  • M. Amarasinghe
    • 2
  • J. J. McCoy
    • 1
  • W. K. Metzger
    • 2
  • K. G. Lynn
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Materials ResearchWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.National Renewable Energy LaboratoryGoldenUSA

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