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High Capacity Na-Ion Battery Anodes by Coating Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes on the Ni-Sn Foam Substrate

  • Shokufeh VarshoyEmail author
  • Bahram Khoshnevisan
  • Mohsen Behpour
Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, Ni/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and Ni-Sn/MWCNT electrodes were fabricated by coating MWCNTs on Ni and Ni-Sn foam substrates using an electrophoretic deposition process. The anodic performance was examined by a chronopotentiometry method for adsorption of sodium (Na) in Na-ion batteries, where Ni/MWCNT and Ni-Sn/MWCNT nanocomposites were used as working electrodes in a three-electrode cell. Our results showed that, while the discharge capacity of the Ni/MWCNT electrode remained constant to approximately 200 mAh g−1, a record-high initial discharge capacity of 2500 mAh g−1 was obtained for the Ni-Sn/MWCNT nanocomposite electrode at a current of 1 mA. Increasing the cycle number indicated that 890 mAh g−1 was the capacity of Ni-Sn/MWCNT after 50 cycles, which was attributed to the solid electrolyte interface formation. The presence of MWCNTs provided cycle stability, thus making the resulting electrodes appropriate for Na-ion battery applications with high capacity.

Keywords

Multi-walled carbon nanotube Ni-Sn foam electrophoretic deposition Na-ion battery high capacity solid electrolyte interface 

Abbreviations

CNTs

Carbon nanotubes

MWCNTs

Multi-walled CNTs

EPD

Electrophoretic deposition

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SEI

Solid electrolyte interface

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Nanoscience and NanotechnologyUniversity of KashanKashanIran
  2. 2.Faculty of PhysicsUniversity of KashanKashanIran
  3. 3.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of KashanKashanIran

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