Sodium Doping Effect on Optical Permittivity, Band Gap Structure, Nonlinearity and Piezoelectric Properties of PZT Nano-colloids and Nanostructures
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In this research, effects of sodium atoms doping on optical properties of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nanoparticles (NPs) are studied and compared with undoped particles. Analyses show formations of PZT nanostructures with dimensions below 30 nm. X-ray diffraction patterns show that the particle size increases and the intensity of the preferred direction decreases as the doping sodium atoms are used in the structure. Analyzing absorption spectra of the colloidal solutions shows doped particles are better absorbers at violet-green region of spectra. Also, it has been concluded that PZT NPs only have indirect optical band gap that is narrower for doped particles. Optical permittivity of the films has been compared using a numerical method and shows the prominent effect of doping on real and imaginary parts of permittivity. Also, z-scan experiments have been done to measure thermo-optical and nonlinear absorption coefficients of the nano-colloids using continue wave Nd-YAG laser illumination. Finally, sodium doping effects on piezoelectric properties of the samples are investigated using a Michelson interferometer.
KeywordsPiezoelectric PZT nanoparticles Michelson interferometer z-scan dispersion curve
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