Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 916–924 | Cite as

Annealing Impact on Interface Properties of Sprayed Al2O3-Based MIS Structure for Silicon Surface Passivation

  • L. ZougarEmail author
  • S. Sali
  • S. Kermadi
  • A. Boucheham
  • M. Boumaour
  • M. Kechouane


Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) films of different thicknesses were deposited on quartz and silicon (100) substrates by an ultrasonic spray method from a solution of aluminum acetylacetonate dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide with different molar concentrations. The optical, morphological and electrical properties were investigated. Increasing the molar concentration leads to a refractive index decrease, an increase in the optical band gap from 5.26 eV to 5.52 eV and a change in the surface roughness of the films. The electrical parameters at the Al2O3/Si interface such as the flat band voltage (VFB), effective charge density (Qeff) and interface trap density (Dit) were explored as a function of the molar concentration, film thickness and heat treatment. The latter, done by two annealing processes, namely, the post deposition annealing (PDA) and post metallization annealing (PMA) on the structure, lead to remarkable interface properties. It was found that the positive flat band voltage VFB shift is correlated with the generation of negative effective charge during PMA. A decrease of the Dit distribution in the PMA samples with no significant effect in the case of PDA samples was clearly observed for different molar concentrations. Furthermore, as the Al2O3 film thickness decreases, Dit decreases in both PDA and PMA samples while the relatively high density Qeff and its negative charge polarity were obtained for thinner films. A noticeable passivation effect on the Al2O3/Si interface has been confirmed on samples that underwent the annealing process. These findings related specifically to the interface properties are promising for silicon surface passivation, in particular for solar cells applications.


Al2O3 ultrasonic spray post-deposition annealing  post-metallization annealing surface passivation 


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This work was supported by the National Research Funds (DG-RSDT/MESRS- Algeria).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Zougar
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Sali
    • 1
  • S. Kermadi
    • 1
  • A. Boucheham
    • 1
  • M. Boumaour
    • 1
  • M. Kechouane
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Center in Semiconductors Technology for EnergyDivision DDCSAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.Faculty of PhysicsHouari Boumediene UniversityEl Alia, AlgiersAlgeria

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