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Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 879–886 | Cite as

Preparation of Porous Carbon Material Derived from Cellulose with Added Melamine Sulfate and Electrochemical Performance as EDLC Electrode

  • Toshiki TsubotaEmail author
  • Yuta Maguchi
  • Kotaro Ishimoto
  • Yuki Katamune
  • Sunao Kamimura
  • Teruhisa Ohno
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Activated carbon derived from cellulose with added melamine sulfate, which is known as one of the chemicals having a flame-retardant effect on the cellulose, was produced in order to dope dual hetero elements, such as nitrogen and sulfur, and was used to improve the yields of the carbonization process and carbon dioxide (CO2) activation process. The addition of melamine sulfate resulted in suppression of the BET specific surface area. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area for the CO2-activated sample with 30 wt.%-added melamine sulfate was 578 m2 g−1. The existence of nitrogen atoms was confirmed in the CO2-activated sample with the added melamine sulfate. However, no peak assigned to the sulfur atom appeared in the x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectrum for the sample with the 30 wt.%-added melamine sulfate. In spite of the lower specific surface area of the samples containing the added melamine sulfate, the capacitance values of the carbon material derived from the cellulose with added melamine sulfate were higher than those of the carbon material derived only from cellulose.

Keywords

Activated carbon cellulose flame retardant co-doping electric double layer capacitor 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP 17K06031. The authors are grateful for JSPS.

Supplementary material

11664_2018_6799_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (557 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 557 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshiki Tsubota
    • 1
  • Yuta Maguchi
    • 1
  • Kotaro Ishimoto
    • 1
  • Yuki Katamune
    • 2
  • Sunao Kamimura
    • 1
  • Teruhisa Ohno
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringKyushu Institute of TechnologyKitakyushuJapan
  2. 2.Frontier Research Academy for Young ResearchersKyushu Institute of TechnologyKitakyushuJapan

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