In this study, we simulate the transient electroluminescence (EL) in organic light-emitting diodes. The forming mechanism of transient EL spikes is discussed in detail. After applying a voltage pulse, the remaining mobile charges drift to the opposite trapped charges and lead to an increase in the exciton recombination rate, which corresponds to the EL spike phenomenon. We observe an EL spike in a solution-processed 2,4,5,6-tetrakis(carbazol-9-yl)-1,3-dicyanobenz-ene(4CzIPN)-doped emitting device, in which 4CzIPN acts as an electron trapping center and confines the electrons within the emitting layer. To further study the effect of the mobility on the EL spike, we simulate it at different electron/hole mobilities. The results show that increasing the hole mobility increases the EL spike. Moreover, when the charge mobility is temperature- and electric field-dependent, the simulation results suggest that if the charge mobility is more susceptible to the electric field, then a lower EL spike is observed, whereas with temperature decrease, a longer tailing is noticeable at the falling edge.
Organic light-emitting diode numerical simulation transient electroluminescence spike charge transport
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1.Key Lab of Special Display Technology, Ministry of Education, National Engineering Lab of Special Display Technology, State Key Lab of Advanced Display Technology, Academy of Opto-Electronic TechnologyHefei University of TechnologyHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
2.School of Instrument Science and Opto-electronics EngineeringHefei University of TechnologyHefeiPeople’s Republic of China