Advertisement

Influence of Ba2+ on Opto-Electric Properties of Nanocrystalline BiFeO3 Multiferroic

  • Mahendra V. Shisode
  • Ashok V. Humbe
  • Prashant B. Kharat
  • K. M. Jadhav
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

The multiferroic compounds with chemical formula Bi1−xBaxFeO3 with x = 0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.25 were synthesized by sol–gel route. Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis were performed on a pure BiFeO3 sample to know the required annealing temperature. Its structural, morphological, optical, electrical and dielectric properties were studied systematically by standard techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy techniques were employed to study the structure and phase, as well as the morphology of the samples respectively. The transition from the distorted rhombohedral perovskite (ABO3) to hexagonal crystal structure was revealed by XRD pattern with Ba2+ substitution having R3c space group. UV-visible absorption spectra show that the absorption edge shifts to lower wavelength with increasing Ba2+ concentration. DC electrical resistivity measurements revealed a linear decrease in resistivity carried out in the temperature range of 343–1073 K using a standard two probe method. The dielectric parameters such as dielectric constant (ε′) and loss tangent (tanδ) were measured at room temperature in the frequency range 50 Hz–5 MHz, which was found to decrease with increasing frequency.

Keywords

Multiferroic sol–gel TG–DTA SAED electrical properties 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Author MVS is thankful to Solapur University, Solapur for providing XRD characterization, IIT Mumbai for providing TGA-DTA and TEM facilities and North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon for providing UV–Vis measurements.

References

  1. 1.
    N.A. Spaldin, S.W. Cheong, and R. Ramesh, Phys. Today 63, 38 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.A. Nazir, M. Ul-Islam, I. Ali, H. Ali, B. Ahmad, S.M. Ramay, N. Raza, M.F. Ehsan, and M.N. Ashiq, J. Electron. Maetr. 45, 1065 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Ghosh, S. Dasgupta, A. Sen, and H.S. Maiti, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 88, 1349 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Chen, J. Cheng, S. Yu, L. Che, and Z. Meng, J. Cryst. Growth 291, 135 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Hu, L. Fei, Y. Zhang, J. Yuan, Y. Wang, and H. Gu, J. Nanomater. 2011, 27 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T.D. Rao, T. Karthik, and S. Asthana, J. Rare Earths 31, 370 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. Bhushan, A. Basumallick, S.K. Bandopadhyay, N.Y. Vasanthacharya, and D. Das, J. Phys. D 42, 065004 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Z.X. Cheng, X.L. Wang, Y. Du, and S.X. Dou, J. Phys. D 43, 242001 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    X. Deng, J. Huang, Y. Zhang, W. Cai, and C. Fu, Ferroelectrics 478, 11 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Mahbub, T. Fakhrul, M.F. Islam, M. Hasan, A. Hussain, M.A. Matin, and M.A. Hakim, Acta Metall. Sin. Engl. 28, 958 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.V. Shisode, D.N. Bhoyar, P.P. Khirade, and K.M. Jadhav, J. Supercond. Novel Magn. 31, 1 (2017).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.M. El–Desoky, M.S. Ayoua, M.M. Mostafa, and M.A. Ahmed, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 404, 68 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P.B. Kharat, M.V. Shisode, S.D. Birajdar, D.N. Bhoyar, and K.M. Jadhav, in AIP Conference Proceedings, p. 050122 (2017).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P.P. Khirade, S.D. Birajdar, A.V. Raut, and K.M. Jadhav, J. Electroceram. 37, 110 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P.P. Khirade, S.D. Birajdar, A.V. Humbe, and K.M. Jadhav, J. Electron. Maetr. 45, 3227 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A.R. Chavan, R.R. Chilwar, P.B. Kharat, and K.M. Jadhav, J. Supercond. Novel Magn. 1 (2018).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Manikandan, L.J. Kennedy, M. Bououdina, and J.J. Vijaya, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 349, 249 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Chauhan, M. Kumar, and S.C. Katyal, in AIP Conference Proceedings, (2016), p. 130029.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Chauhan, M. Kumar, S. Chhoker, S.C. Katyal, H. Singh, M. Jewariya, and K.L. Yadav, Solid State Commun. 152, 525 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.V. Raut, P.P. Khirade, A. Humbe, S.A. Jadhav, and D.R. Shengule, J. Supercond. Novel Magn. 29, 1331 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.V. Humbe, A.C. Nawle, A.B. Shinde, and K.M. Jadhav, J. Alloys. Compd. 691, 343 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Azam, A. Jawad, A.S. Ahmed, M. Chaman, and A.H. Naqvi, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 2909 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.S. Kounsalye, P.B. Kharat, M.V. Shisode, and K.M. Jadhav, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 28, 17254 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.P. Ramirez, M.A. Subramanian, M. Gardel, G. Blumberg, D. Li, T. Vogt, and S.M. Shapiro, Solid State Commun. 115, 217 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Kumar, S. Supriya, P. Kumar, and M. Kar, in AIP Conference Proceedings, p. 020578 (2016).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsDr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada UniversityAurangabadIndia

Personalised recommendations