Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 1540–1544 | Cite as

Enhanced Ultraviolet Emission from Hydrothermally Grown ZnO Nano-Grass on Si Substrate

  • Changzeng YanEmail author
  • Chinnambedu Murugesan Raghavan
  • Chao Ji
  • Rong SunEmail author
  • Ching-Ping Wong


Highly crystalline one-dimensional zinc oxide (ZnO) nano-grass was grown on silicon (Si) substrate by a modified hydrothermal method. A predominantly c-oriented ZnO nano-grass with an average diameter of 40–60 nm and length of 1.5–2.0 μm was obtained. From the photoluminescence (PL) measurement, we observed a defect-free, intense ultraviolet emission of as-grown ZnO nano-grass, confirming the absence of singly ionized oxygen vacancies. The absence of green deep-level emission in the PL spectrum further implies a high crystallinity of as-grown ZnO nano-grass. The high-quality ZnO nano-grass has potential applications in single nanowire-based light-emitting diodes, solar cells, themoresistive sensing, photocatalysis, ultraviolet photodetectors, optical switches, waveguides and nano-lasers.


ZnO nanowires ultraviolet emission hydrothermal method photoluminescence annealing process 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsChangwon National UniversityChangwonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Electronics EngineeringThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatinChina
  4. 4.School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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