Rare-earth-doped alkali halide single crystals KCl:Eu, KCl:Ce, and KCl:Eu,Ce were grown from melt using the Czochralski technique, and optical characterization was carried out with the prime focus on dosimetric applications. The grown crystals were investigated using XRD analysis, PL analysis, TSL measurements, and OSL measurements. The XRD of the crystals matched well with ICDD patterns (00-041-1476), and diffraction peaks can be assigned to the KCl structure, indicating that all the crystals have the same structure as KCl. The enhanced intensity of TSL and OSL was observed for co-doping of (Eu, Ce) in KCl crystals as compared to single doping. The appearance of a single glow peak in KCl:Eu,Ce at 230°C compared to single-doped KCl:Ce crystals suggested the use of the material in TL dosimetry. The intensity of OSL also showed a two-fold increase compared to single-doped crystals, suggesting its use in OSL dosimetry. PL studies showed a very high enhancement of intensity in Eu2+ emissions, reaching a maximum of about 421 nm in the (Eu2+, Ce3+) co-doped crystal compared to single-doped crystals. This justifies the occurrence of energy transfer from Ce3+ to Eu2+ in the KCl host lattice. These results showed that KCl:Eu,Ce acts as a potential TL and OSL dosimeter due to its high sensitivity to ionizing radiation.
Single crystal crystal growth Czochralski method optical characterization potassium chloride
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