Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 1660–1668 | Cite as

Catalytic Growth of 1D ZnO Nanoneedles on Glass Substrates Through Vapor Transport

  • Forat H. AlsultanyEmail author
  • Hasan Sh. Majdi
  • Husnen R. Abd
  • Z. Hassan
  • Naser M. Ahmed


In this study, one-dimensional (1D) zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoneedles are successfully fabricated on a Ag catalyst-coated glass substrate through simple physical vapor deposition via thermal evaporation of zinc (Zn) powder in the presence of oxygen (O2) gas at a low growth temperature of 450°C. The growth rate and diameter of ZnO nanoneedles increase as a function of varying silver (Ag) film thicknesses and argon (Ar) flow rates. Detailed structural investigations confirm that the synthesized nanoneedles have high crystallinity with a hexagonal wurtzite structure, and they preferentially grow along the c-axis orientation. This approach provides a simple and cost-effective method for the synthesis and controlled growth of 1D nanostructures, which can be useful in solid-state devices and various optoelectronic applications.


1D ZnO structural properties x-ray diffraction UV emission enhancement 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Forat H. Alsultany
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hasan Sh. Majdi
    • 1
  • Husnen R. Abd
    • 2
  • Z. Hassan
    • 3
  • Naser M. Ahmed
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medical PhysicsAl-Mustaqbal University CollegeHillahIraq
  2. 2.School of PhysicsUniversiti Sains Malaysia (USM)GelugorMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology (INOR)Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)GelugorMalaysia

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