Influence of Local Heterojunction on the Thermoelectric Properties of Mo-SnSe Multilayer Films Deposited by Magnetron Sputtering
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Mo-SnSe multilayer films were deposited by multi-step magnetron sputtering. The Mo-SnSe multilayer films are then annealed, and the new phases including SnSe2 and MoSe2 are observed by x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Scanning electron microscopy reveals that the SnSe exhibits the columnar grain structure with sizes from 50–100 nm. The high-resolution transmission electron microscopy shows the SnSe2 is dispersed at the boundary of the columnar grain and the local MoSe2/SnSe heterojunction is formed in the interior of the columnar grain. The influence of Mo content on the thermoelectric properties of SnSe thin films was investigated. A maximum power factor of 0.44 μW cm−1 K−2 was obtained for a 2.6 at.% Mo-doped SnSe thin film at 576 K, which is higher than that of a SnSe thin film deposited under the same conditions.
KeywordsSnSe films thermoelectric properties sputtering heterojunction
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.