Thermal Behavior During the Selective Laser Melting Process of Ti-6Al-4V Powder in the Point Exposure Scan Pattern
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Currently, there are two main scan patterns, including the continuous exposure scan pattern and the point exposure scan pattern, during the selective laser melting (SLM) process. The point exposure scan pattern allows a three-dimensional (3-D) printer to build finer detail features as a static molten pool that is more stable than a dynamic one. However, there has been limited theoretical research on the thermal behavior characteristics during the process in the point exposure scan pattern. Therefore, in this study, the simulation of thermal behavior during SLM of Ti-6Al-4V powder in the point exposure scan pattern was performed. The temperature evolution behavior of different positions and the effects of exposure time on the temperature evolution behavior of different positions, temperature distributions, and dimensions of the molten pool were investigated. The results showed that the direct exposure position and unexposed position had significantly different temperature evolution behaviors under a given condition, and the changed exposure time had the greatest influence on the direct exposure position compared with unexposed position. Moreover, the thermal accumulation effect of a former exposure point on a later one decreased with increasing exposure time. In addition, with the increase of exposure time, the maximum temperature of the molten pool was enhanced and the surface morphology of the molten pool changed from an approximate ellipse to an approximate circle. Besides, the molten pool dimensions were found to increase with exposure time, which indicated that the exposure time played an important role in the stability of the molten pool and the metallurgical bonding in the process. Furthermore, the dimensions of the molten pool and metallurgical bonding in the cross-sectional view were obtained through experiments. Good agreement was obtained when comparing the simulated results with the experimental ones.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51675507) and the Strategic Pioneer Program on Space Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA15013700).
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