Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 2251–2258 | Cite as

A Study on the Interfacial Reaction Between Liquid Iron and MgO-Based Refractories Containing TiO2

  • Junmo Jeon
  • Sookyung Kim
  • Minseuk Kim
  • Hyunsik ParkEmail author


The interfacial reactions between liquid iron and MgO-based refractories were investigated based on the TiO2 concentration values. Substrates comprising MgO, MgO-TiO2 (MT), MgO-Al2O3 (MA), and MgO-Al2O3, at loadings of 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 wt pct TiO2 (MAT3-15), were reacted with liquid iron at 1823 K by using the sessile drop technique. Microscopic analysis by SEM/EDX and the associated thermochemical calculations by Factsage 7.0™ confirmed the reaction mechanisms of different refractory materials. MgO and MT showed higher resistance against liquid iron penetration compared with MA and MAT3-15, which was attributed to the formation of a magnesiowustite (MO (M = Fe, Mg)) layer formed at the interfaces. Increasing the levels of TiO2 up to 6 wt pct contributed to the denser microstructure of MA. However, the contact angle was lowest for 9 wt pct of TiO2 and then gradually increased up to 15 wt pct. Chemical reactions generating a liquid slag phase contributed to the fluctuations in contact angle with respect to TiO2.



The research was supported by the Basic Research Project (GP2017-025) of the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning of Korea.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junmo Jeon
    • 1
  • Sookyung Kim
    • 1
  • Minseuk Kim
    • 1
  • Hyunsik Park
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Resource Recovery Research Center, Mineral Resources Research DivisionKorea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)DaejeonKorea

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