High-Temperature Interactions Between Vanadium-Titanium Magnetite Carbon Composite Hot Briquettes and Pellets Under Simulated Blast Furnace Conditions
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The high-temperature interactions between vanadium-titanium magnetite carbon composite hot briquettes (VTM-CCBs) and pellets were systematically investigated under simulated blast furnace conditions with respect to the reduction behavior, softening–melting–dripping characteristics, gas permeability, and Ti(C, N) precipitation mechanisms. The results showed that VTM-CCB charging can promote the reduction of the pellet in the packed bed and decrease the compressive strength of the pellet after reduction. The compressive strength of the VTM-CCB after reduction decreased with increasing temperature when the FC/O ratio (the ratio of the fixed carbon mol(C) in coal to the reducible oxygen mol(O) in iron oxides) was higher than 1.0. With an FC/O ratio lower than 1.0, the compressive strength of the VTM-CCB initially decreased and then increased. The FC/O ratio has a significant influence on the softening–melting interaction mechanism between the VTM-CCB and the pellet. With an FC/O ratio of 0.8, the bonding layer at the interface between the pellet and the VTM-CCB (consisting of molten fayalitic slag) can promote the softening process, thereby decreasing the softening start and end temperatures. By increasing the FC/O ratio to 1.4, a dense metallic iron shell with relatively high strength formed at the interface and restricted the collapse of the packed bed, thereby increasing the softening start and end temperatures and ensuring the transport of the reduction gas through the packed bed. The melting point of the primary slag phase increased with increasing FC/O ratio due to a decrease in the FeO content, which resulted in an increase in the melting start temperature from 1273 °C to 1294 °C (1546 K to 1567 K). The gas permeability in the cohesive zone increased with an increasing FC/O ratio of the VTM-CCB due to a combination of the skeletal role performed by the residual VTM-CCB and the decrease in the liquid slag proportion. In addition, as the FC/O ratio increased to 1.4, unconsumed carbon promoted the precipitation of Ti(C, N) at the slag–carbon and slag–metal interfaces, which resulted in a substantial increase in the dripping temperature and deterioration of the dripping behavior of the packed bed. Therefore, to suppress the precipitation of Ti(C, N) and improve the dripping behavior of the packed bed, the FC/O ratio of the charged VTM-CCB should be controlled within an appropriate range.
The authors are especially thankful to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51574067), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M601321), Joint Funds of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1808212), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N172503016).
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