Effect of Shrouding Gas Temperature on Characteristics of a Supersonic Jet Flow Field with a Shrouding Laval Nozzle Structure
Coherent jet technology was been widely used in the electric arc furnace steelmaking process to protect the kinetic energy of supersonic oxygen jets and achieve a better mixing effect. For this technology, the total temperature distribution of the shrouding jet has a great impact on the velocity of the main oxygen jet. In this article, a supersonic shrouding nozzle using a preheating shrouding jet is proposed to increase the shrouding jet velocity. Both numerical simulation and experimental studies were carried out to analyze its effect on the axial velocity, total temperature and turbulence kinetic energy profiles of the main oxygen jet. Based on these results, it was found that a significant amount of kinetic energy was removed from the main oxygen jet when it passed though the shock wave using a high-temperature shrouding jet, which made the average axial velocity of the coherent jet lower than for a conventional jet in the potential core region. However, the supersonic shrouding nozzle and preheating technology employed for this nozzle design significantly improved the shrouding gas velocity, forming a low-density gas zone at the exit of the main oxygen jet and prolonging the velocity potential core length.
The authors appreciate the support of the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M620614), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRF-AS-17-005) and National Key Technology R&D Program of the 12th Five-Year Plan (12FYP 2015BAF03B01).
- 4.B. Sarma, P. C. Mathur, R. J. Selines, and J. E. Anderson: Electric Furnace Conference Proceedings, 1998, vol. 56, pp. 657-672.Google Scholar
- 5.J. Liu, A.E.M. Warner, D. McCann, D.E. Hall, D. Mallette, J.A. Bradley, E. Mackenzie, W.J. Mahoney and A. Deneys: TMS 2005 Annual Meeting, San Francisco, U. S., 2005, pp. 61–76.Google Scholar
- 6.M. Jeong, V. Kumar, H. Kim, T. Setoguchi and S. Matsuo: Science of the Total Environment., 2013, vol. 236, pp. 41–56.Google Scholar
- 7.M. Alam, J. Naser and G. Brooks: AISTech 2010—Proceedings of the Iron and Steel Technology Conference, Pittsburgh, U.S., 2010, pp. 885–94.Google Scholar
- 8.P. C. Mathur: Iron Steelmaking., 1999, vol. 26, pp. 59–64.Google Scholar
- 9.C. Harris, G. Holmes, M.B. Ferri, F. Memoli, and E. Malfa: AISTech 2006—Proceedings of the Iron and Steel Technology Conference, Cleveland, U. S., 2006, pp. 483–90.Google Scholar
- 13.W.J. Mahoney: 3rd International Conference on Process Development in Iron and Steelmaking. 2008, vol. 1, pp. 367–76.Google Scholar
- 15.J. D. Anderson: Fundamentals of aerodynamics, 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill Education, New York, NY, 2010.Google Scholar
- 17.JD Anderson: Introduction to Flight, McGraw-Hill Education (Asia), Singapore, (2013), 125–135.Google Scholar
- 18.B. E. Launder and D. B. Spalding: Lectures in Mathematical Model of Turbulence, Academic Press, London, 1972.Google Scholar
- 21.W. Malalasekera and H. K. Versteeg: An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics, Pearson, Harlow, 2007.Google Scholar
- 26.L. J. Clancy: Aerodynamics,1st Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 1975.Google Scholar