Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 50, Issue 11, pp 5174–5180 | Cite as

Analytical Description of the Influence of the Welding Parameters on the Hot Cracking Susceptibility of Laser Beam Welds in Aluminum Alloys

  • Christian HagenlocherEmail author
  • Daniel Weller
  • Rudolf Weber
  • Thomas Graf


The grain structure of a weld seam influences its susceptibility to hot cracking during the welding process. The previously derived explicit analytical expressions allow for the accurate prediction of both the morphology of the grain structure and the grain size in a wide range of processing parameters. This model is now combined with the pressure balance model of Rappaz, which describes the formation of hot cracks by the balance between solidification shrinkage and thermomechanical deformation. The combination of the two models allows for the description of the impact of the welding parameters on the strain rate limit that a laser welded seam can withstand without the formation of hot cracks. It reveals that the absorbed line energy per depth is the key parameter to influence the value of this limit. The model was validated for the case of laser beam welding of the technical aluminum alloy AA6016. The calculated critical strain rates agree well with the experimentally determined critical strain rates measured by means of digital image correlation.



This work was partly supported by Constellium and funded in part by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation)—389369540.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Hagenlocher
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Weller
    • 1
  • Rudolf Weber
    • 1
  • Thomas Graf
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für StrahlwerkzeugeUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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