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Effect of Zinc Concentration on the Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Mixed Co-Zn Ferrites Nanoparticles Synthesized by Low-Temperature Hydrothermal Method

  • P. T. PhongEmail author
  • P. H. Nam
  • N. X. Phuc
  • B. T. Huy
  • L. T. Lu
  • D. H. Manh
  • In-Ja LeeEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Zinc-substituted cobalt ferrites Co1−xZnxFe2O4 (x = 0.0 to 0.7) nanoparticles have been synthesized using the hydrothermal method. The pure cubic spinel powder samples prepared were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. It is found that the lattice parameter increases with Zn substitution. The average crystallite size of the particles decreases gradually from 20 to 10 nm with the increase in Zn-content, which is confirmed by transmission electron spectroscopy micrographs. The direct and indirect band gap of Co1−xZnxFe2O4 determined from UV–Vis measurements decreases with the increase of Zn concentration. The magnetic properties have been investigated by physical property measurement system and vibrating sample magnetometer. The saturation magnetization increases slightly from 71.38 emu g−1 (x = 0) to 77.59 emu g−1 (x = 0.1), then decrease with the increase in Zn substitution. Nevertheless, the coercivity significantly decreases with Zn concentrations, which can be explained using Yafet–Kittel model and the distribution of Fe3+ ions among octahedral and tetrahedral sites in samples. This result is further confirmed by photoluminescence emission spectra.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Program of Development in the field of Physics by 2020 under Grant Number KHCBVL.03/18-19. The authors are also thankful to the Ton Duc Thang University and Dongguk University-Gyeongju.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Magnetism and Magnetic MaterialsTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied SciencesTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Institute of Materials ScienceVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  4. 4.DuyTan UniversityDa Nang CityVietnam
  5. 5.Institute for Tropical TechnologyVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  6. 6.Department of Advanced Materials ChemistryDongguk University-GyeongjuGyeongju-SiKorea

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