Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 1370–1379 | Cite as

An Experimental Benchmark of Non-metallic Inclusion Distribution Inside a Heavy Continuous-Casting Slab

  • Zhongqiu LiuEmail author
  • Baokuan Li
  • Menghuai Wu
  • Guodong Xu
  • Xiaoming Ruan
  • Andreas Ludwig


Different mathematical models were suggested to calculate the transport phenomena of non-metallic inclusions during continuous casting of steel, but there are no experimental data at the process scale available to evaluate the models. This paper is to provide an experimental benchmark to evaluate those models. It includes the most necessary casting process parameters for a heavy continuous-casting (CC) slab and the final result on the spatial and size distribution of macroscopic non-metallic inclusions (MNMIs) in the as-cast slab. The MNMIs with diameter larger than 50 μm inside the CC slab were in situ detected through a fast-detection platform (FDP). The casting sample (half width of the slab 1150 mm × 300 mm of entire slab thickness × 75 mm in casting direction) were ground slice by slice with the maximum resolution of 1 mm; the morphology of the MNMIs was metallographically analyzed and the number of the MNMIs of difference size classes was counted; finally, the (3D) spatial distribution of MNMIs of difference size classes in the casting sample was reconstructed. Further information about the distribution of MNMIs was reported as well: (1) typical morphologies of independent nearly spherical MNMIs, “bubble + NMIs,” irregular-shaped MNMIs, and cluster MNMIs; (2) the size distribution of MNMIs along the thickness direction in both vertical section and bending section; (3) a probability number density function of MNMI diameter.



The authors are grateful for the support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51604070 and 51574068), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (No. N162504009), and China Scholarship Council (No. 201706085027).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongqiu Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Baokuan Li
    • 1
  • Menghuai Wu
    • 2
  • Guodong Xu
    • 3
  • Xiaoming Ruan
    • 3
  • Andreas Ludwig
    • 2
  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangP.R. China
  2. 2.Chair of Simulation and Modeling of Metallurgical Processes, Department of MetallurgyMontanuniversität LeobenLeobenAustria
  3. 3.Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.ShanghaiP.R. China

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