Microstructural Evolution and the Effect on Hardness and Impact Toughness of Sanicro 25 Welded Joints After Aging at 973 K
Sanicro 25 tubes were welded using Alloy 617 mod. as the filler material, and the welded joints were aged at 973 K up to 10,000 hours. The hardness and impact toughness of welded joints were measured, and the microstructural evolution after aging was systematically investigated by means of OM, SEM, and TEM. After aging, the predominant precipitates in the base metal are secondary NbCrN, Cu-rich particles, and M23C6. The great increase in the hardness of base metal at the early stage of aging is attributed to the precipitation of secondary NbCrN, Cu-rich particles, and M23C6. The calculation of pinning force implies that secondary NbCrN possesses the strongest precipitation strengthening because it is extremely fine and stable. Also, Cu-rich particles are the key precipitates owing to the significant effect on the hardness change of base metal during aging. Aging results in the precipitation of needle-like M23C6 and spherical γ′ phase as well as large M23C6 particles at the grain boundaries in the weld metal. Hence, the hardness of weld metal increases. With the increasing aging time, the growths of M23C6 and γ′ phase decrease the hardness. Some cuboids of M23C6 are observed after long-term aging. The significant decrease in the impact toughness of the aged welded joints mainly results from the growth of M23C6 at the grain boundaries and the interdendritic regions. Needle-like and cuboids of M23C6 further decrease the impact toughness.
This study is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0801904). The authors are grateful for the help provided by the Instrumental Analysis & Research Center in the Shanghai University. The authors also would like to thank Shanghai Boiler Works, Ltd. for providing the specimens and properties data.
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