Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 49, Issue 11, pp 5585–5598 | Cite as

On the Supplementation of Magnesium and Usage of Ultrasound Stirring for Fabricating In Situ TiB2/A356 Composites with Improved Mechanical Properties

  • Zhiwei LiuEmail author
  • Zhiwu Dong
  • Xiaole Cheng
  • Qiaoling Zheng
  • Jingrui Zhao
  • Qingyou Han


Adding mixed K2TiF6-KBF4 salts into mechanical stirred molten A356 alloy (Al-7Si-0.3Mg) provides a simple method to fabricate in situ TiB2/A356 composites via salts-metal reaction. However, some issues, such as the loss of Mg element in A356 alloy and the clustering of TiB2 particles in the matrix, usually occur during the fabricating process. These issues easily result in the degradation of mechanical properties of composites. In this study, a quantitative analysis revealed that the Mg element was almost consumed after the reaction, and a thermodynamic analysis inferred that the loss of Mg resulted from the reaction between Mg and mixed salts. In order to fabricate in situ TiB2/A356 composites with high strength and good ductility, we proposed a developed approach that consisted of supplementing Mg and using ultrasound stirring during the fabricating process. The introduction of ultrasound into the melt could disperse TiB2 particles uniformly in the matrix, leading to more effective refinement of α-Al grains and modification of Si phase. Compared with the untreated A356, both the strength and ductility of the developed sample were improved significantly, and the coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch strengthening was found as the major contributor to the improvement in the yield strength.



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51604211), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 2016JQ5052), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M580839), Special Financial Grant from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017T100743), Shaanxi Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016BSHEDZZ05), and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (Grant No. xjj2018002). We thank the Xi’an Jiaotong University Instrument Analysis Center for the help of the XRD and SEM analyses. We thank Guangyu Chen for his assistance in the casting work, and we also thank Dr. Zhifu Huang, Yimin Gao, and Jiandong Xing for their helpful discussion.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhiwei Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhiwu Dong
    • 1
  • Xiaole Cheng
    • 2
  • Qiaoling Zheng
    • 1
  • Jingrui Zhao
    • 3
  • Qingyou Han
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.China National Heavy Machinery Research Institute Co., LtdState Key Laboratory of Metal Extrusion and Forging Equipment TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Advanced Materials InstituteQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Engineering TechnologyPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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