Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 49, Issue 11, pp 5763–5774 | Cite as

Effect of Stress Relieving Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and High-Temperature Compressive Deformation Behavior of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy Manufactured by Selective Laser Melting

  • Young-Kyun Kim
  • Soon-Hong Park
  • Yong-Jin Kim
  • Bandar Almangour
  • Kee-Ahn Lee


This study aims to investigate the effect of stress relieving heat treatment on the microstructure and high-temperature compressive deformation behavior of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy, manufactured by selective laser melting. Initial microstructural observation confirmed elongated prior β grains in the building direction of both specimens (as-fabricated and heat-treated specimens). Along with such, the as-fabricated specimen only featured α′-martensite phase, while the heat-treated specimen featured α′-martensite and some α and β phases. Compression tests carried out at room temperature gave yield strengths of 1365 and 1138 MPa for the as-fabricated and heat-treated specimens, respectively. Such values are similar or greater than those of commercial wrought materials. The compressive fracture strain significantly increased after heat treatment. There was a general tendency of reducing yield strength as compressive temperatures increased. At temperatures greater than 700 °C, the as-fabricated and heat-treated specimens achieved similar strength. Microstructural observation after deformation confirmed that the initial microstructure was retained up to temperatures of 500 °C. At 700 °C or greater, both specimens showed drastic microstructural evolution.



This research was supported by the Korean Institute of Materials Science, Korea.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Young-Kyun Kim
    • 1
  • Soon-Hong Park
    • 2
  • Yong-Jin Kim
    • 3
  • Bandar Almangour
    • 4
  • Kee-Ahn Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringInha UniversityIncheonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.RISTPohang-siRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.KIMSChangwon-siRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.School of Engineering and Applied SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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