Flow Behavior and Hot Workability of Nb-15Si-22Ti-5Cr-3Al-2.5Hf Alloy
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Constitutive models for flow behaviors of an arc-melted Nb-15Si-22Ti-5Cr-3Al-2.5Hf alloy at temperatures of 1350 °C to 1500 °C and strain rates of 0.001 to 0.1 s−1 have been successfully established during work hardening and dynamic softening stages, respectively, and relatively small average absolute relative errors of the predicted flow stresses are reached (7.7 pct for the work hardening stage and 5.7 pct for the dynamic softening stage). The hot processing map has also been established successfully for this Nb-Si-based ultrahigh temperature alloy. The favorable conditions for hot working of this alloy have been determined as 1350 °C to 1380 °C/0.001 to 0.003 s−1 and 1380 °C to 1440 °C/0.001 to 0.01 s−1. The deformed microstructures under different conditions have been explored and the mechanisms for flow instability of this alloy have been revealed. Flow instability at relatively low temperatures and high strain rates (1350 °C and 1410 °C, 0.1 s−1) is mainly derived from the cracking of Nb5Si3 and the debonding of Nbss/Nb5Si3 interfaces, while flow instability at higher temperatures (1500 °C) should primarily result from the development of cracks and holes within the Nbss phase because of excessive strain accumulation.
This work was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFB0702903) and the Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing (NWPU), China (Grant No. 143-TZ-2016).