Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 1448–1459 | Cite as

Synthesis and Properties of Surface-Modified Carbon Nanotube/Copper Composites

  • Jingwen Wang
  • Xiaofei Ding
  • Jingjing Zhang
  • Hongdi Zhang
  • Fan Zhang
  • Yue Liu
  • Tongxiang FanEmail author


Copper matrix composites with functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were synthesized using powder metallurgy with hetero-aggregation mixing and spark plasma sintering. Surface modification of the CNTs was controlled using acid oxidation with different treatment times. After a moderate treatment time of 3.5 hours, the CNTs had enough charged groups to maintain a moderate structural integrity in a CNT/Cu composite material. The prepared composite exhibited a tensile strength of 457 MPa and Vickers hardness of 130 HV, which are 1.6 and 2 times higher, respectively, than those of unreinforced copper prepared by the same method. The electrical conductivity of this composite was 92 pct IACS, which is 94 pct of that of the unreinforced copper. The carbon nanotube/copper (CNT/Cu) composites exhibited a good combination of high strength and high electrical conductivity.



We acknowledge the financial support of the National Key R&D Plan (No. 2017YFB0703101) and the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (No. 51425203).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jingwen Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaofei Ding
    • 1
  • Jingjing Zhang
    • 1
  • Hongdi Zhang
    • 1
  • Fan Zhang
    • 1
  • Yue Liu
    • 1
  • Tongxiang Fan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Metal Matrix Composites, School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiaotong UniversityShanghaiP.R. China

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