Effects of Boiled Dill Seed on Anxiety During Labor: A Randomized Clinical Trial

  • Seyedeh-Fatemeh Hekmatzadeh
  • Fatemeh BazarganipourEmail author
  • Helen Allan
  • Shahintaj Aramesh
  • Jamshid Mohammadi
Original Article



To evaluate the effect of boiled dill seed (Anethum graveolens) on anxiety during childbirth compared with oxytocin.


This study was a randomized clinical trial with 100 pregnant women who were assigned to the oxytocin (50 cases) and the boiled dill seed (50 cases) group by a table of random number. In the boiled dill seed group, 10 g of dill seed was boiled in 100 mL for 10 min and was given to women after filtration once orally at the beginning of active phase. In the oxytocin group, 10 IU of oxytocin in 1000 mL of Ringer solution was prescribed according to the clinical routine. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) in both groups before (at the beginning of the active phase) and after (6 h after the delivery) was completed. Meanwhile, pain intensity and duration of labor, dilatation and effacement scores, Apgar score of newborns, and FHR were measured and evaluated.


No statistically significant differences were shown in obvious anxiety scores between the two groups at baseline (P0.05). After the delivery, in the boiled dill seed group, the number of women with severe [0 vs. 8.0% (4/50)] and almost severe [0 vs. 14.0% (7/50)] trait and almost severe [0 vs. 14.0% (7/50)] state anxiety was lower than those in the control group (P=0.050, P=0.041, respectively). Moreover, labor was shorter in the 1st (P 0.01), 2nd (P=0.78) and 3rd (P=0.10) stages in the boiled dill seed group compared to the control group


Dill seed could be used as an effective treatment to reduce anxiety during labor. Dill seed can be effective in reducing the length of labor. Due to lack of maternal and fetal complications, the boiled dill seed could also be used to reduce cesarean section rates in women who are fearful and anxious of delivery. (RCT Code: IRCT201607177065N2)


dill seed Anethum graveolens oxytocine anxiety delivery pain 


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Author Contributions

Hekmatzadehs S, Bazarganipour F and Allan H designed the study and wrote the manuscript. Hekmatzadeh S, Aramesh S and Mohammadi J performed the study. All of the authors read and approved the manuscript.

Conflict of Interest

There is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyedeh-Fatemeh Hekmatzadeh
    • 1
  • Fatemeh Bazarganipour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Helen Allan
    • 2
  • Shahintaj Aramesh
    • 3
  • Jamshid Mohammadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Medicinal Plant Research CenterYasuj University of Medical SciencesYasujIran
  2. 2.Centre for Critical Research in Nursing & Midwifery, School of Health & EducationMiddlesex UniversityLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsYasuj University of Medical SciencesYasujIran

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