Acupuncture/Electroacupuncture as an Alternative in Current Opioid Crisis

  • Usman Ali
  • Evhy Apryani
  • Muhammad Zaeem Ahsan
  • Rana Muhammad Shoaib
  • Khalil Ali Ahmad
  • Yong-xiang WangEmail author
Hot Topic


Opioid drugs are the first line of defense in severe pain but the adverse effects associated with opioids are considered as a serious issue worldwide. Acupuncture/electroacupuncture is a type of Chinese medicine therapy which is an effective analgesic therapy, well documented in animals and human studies. Electroacupuncture stimulation could release endogenous opioid peptides causing analgesia in a variety of pain models. It can be used as an alternative therapy to control the opioid crisis.


analgesia Chinese medicine electroacupuncture acupuncture opioid crisis 


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Usman Ali
    • 1
  • Evhy Apryani
    • 1
  • Muhammad Zaeem Ahsan
    • 1
  • Rana Muhammad Shoaib
    • 1
  • Khalil Ali Ahmad
    • 1
  • Yong-xiang Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.King’s LabShanghai Jiao Tong University School of PharmacyShanghaiChina

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