Acta Geochimica

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 68–77 | Cite as

Influence of litter decomposition on iron and manganese in the sediments of wetlands for acid mine drainage treatments

  • Xiuyue Xu
  • Yonggui WuEmail author
  • Yiling Rao
  • Tianling Fu
  • Xingyu Wu
Original Article


Plant litter will influence the bioavailability of heavy metals in sediments of wetlands used to treat acid mine drainage. To investigate the effect of plant litter on sediments in wetlands and define the comprehensive and continuous role of plant litter, different mass ratios (0%, 5%, 20%) of litter were added into the sediments to study the influence of litter decomposition on the overlying water and sediments. The changes in pH, EC, Eh, Fe, and Mn of the overlying water and the organic matter in the sediments and the forms of Fe and Mn after 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days of litter decomposition were studied. The results indicated that litter decomposition increased the pH, EC, and reduced Eh of the overlying water. Litter decomposition promoted the release of Fe and Mn from the sediments into the overlying water and with the continuous decomposition of litter, the concentration of Fe and Mn in the overlying water declined. Litter decomposition increased the content of the organic matter in the sediment, and the forms of Fe and Mn indicated that litter decomposition could significantly affect the transformation of the forms of Fe and Mn. Reducible Fe was the main form in the sediments. Litter decomposition promoted the transformation of reducible Fe, the main form found in the sediments, into exchangeable and oxidizable Fe, but had no effect on residual form. Exchangeable Mn was the main form in the sediments, and litter decomposition accelerated the transformation of reducible Mn, most commonly found in the sediments, into oxidizable Mn and had little influence on the exchangeable and residual forms.


AMD Sediments Litter decomposition Forms of Fe and Mn 



Financial support for this research was provided by the United Fund of Guizhou Province Government and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1612442), and the Natural and Science Project by the Education Department of Guizhou Province (Nos. KY2016011, GZZ201607, and ZDXK201611).


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Geochemistry, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiuyue Xu
    • 1
  • Yonggui Wu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yiling Rao
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tianling Fu
    • 4
  • Xingyu Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Resources and Environmental EngineeringGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina
  2. 2.Karst Eco-Environmental Engineering Research Center of Guizhou ProvinceGuiyangChina
  3. 3.Institute of Applied EcologyGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina
  4. 4.Institute of New Rural DevelopmentGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina

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