Advertisement

Effects of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma on the Combustion Performances of Reverse-Flow Combustor in an Aero-Engine

  • Jun DengEmail author
  • Changxin Peng
  • Liming He
  • Shuai Wang
  • Jinlu Yu
  • Bingbing Zhao
Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

In order to apply plasma assisted combustion (PAC) into a reverse-flow aero-engine and verify the improvement of combustion performance, a feasible approach was proposed in this work. In this approach, based on the structure characteristics of the reverse-flow combustor, a parallel plate double dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) PAC actuator was designed to generate plasma. It was installed at the front of combustor. When the actuator is driven, the original air flow is not disturbed for the device’s structure and installation. Using aviation kerosene as fuel, the effects of plasma on ignition boundary and outlet temperature of the combustor were experimentally investigated at atmosphere pressures. Through the dual high voltage differential power supply, the large gap, large area and uniform plasma discharge was achieved. The results of PAC actuator discharge indicate that inlet air temperature has a small increase of 4∼9 K. After PAC is applied, the combustion performances of reverse-flow combustor in an aero-engine are remarkably improved. Experimental results indicate that ignition boundary is widened by 3.7%∼12.5% because of the impact of plasma. Outlet highest temperature of combustor is raised by 19∼75 K; outlet temperature distribution coefficient is reduced by 11.1%∼26.6%. This research provides an effective and practicable way to implement the application of PAC in aero-engine combustor and has some engineering application significance.

Keywords

aero-engine reverse-flow combustor double dielectric barrier discharge plasma assisted combustion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Funding Nos. 51436008, 91741112 and 51806245).

References

  1. [1]
    Starikovskiy A., Physics and chemistry of plasma-assisted combustion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Science, 2015, 373: 20150074.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Ju Y.G., Sun W.T., Plasma assisted combustion: Progress, challenges, and opportunities. Combustion and Flame, 2015, 162(3): 529–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Starikovskiy A., Aleksandrov N., Plasma-assisted ignition and combustion. Progress in Energy & Combustion Science, 2013, 39(1): 61–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Song F.L., Jin D., Jia M., Wei W.W., Song H.M., Wu Y., Experimental study of n-decane decomposition with microsecond pulsed discharge plasma. Plasma Science & Technology, 2017, 19(12): 125502.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Kim W., Mungal M.G., Cappelli M.A., Formation and role of cool flames in plasma-assisted premixed combustion. Applied Physics Letter, 2008, 92(5): 051503.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Tang J., Zhao W., Duan Y.X., In-depth study on propaneair combustion enhancement with dielectric barrier discharge. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2010, 38(12): 3272–3281.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Hu H.B., Song Q.B., Xu Y.J., et al., Non- equilibrium plasma assisted combustion of low heating value fuels. Journal of Thermal Science, 2013, 22(3): 275–281.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Wang C., Wu W., Roles of the state-resolved OH(A) and OH(X) radicals in microwave plasma assisted combustion of premixed methane/air: An exploratory study. Combustion and Flame, 2014, 161(8): 2073–2084.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Liu X.J., He L.M., Yu J.L., Zeng H., Jin T., Experimental investigation on plasma-assisted combustion characteristics of premixed propane/air mixture. Journal of Thermal Science, 2015, 24(3): 283–289.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Matveev I., Multi-mode plasma igniters and pilots for aerospace and industrial applications. Applied Plasma Technologies, Falls Church, VA, 2006.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Matveev I., Matveyeva S., et al., Experimental investigations of the APT-60 high-pressure inductively coupled plasma system on different plasma gases. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2014, 42(12): 3891–3895.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Matveev I.B., Matveeva S.A., Kirchuk E.Y., Serbin S.I., Bazarov V.G., Plasma fuel nozzle as a prospective way to plasma-assisted combustion. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2010, 38(12): 3313–3318.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Babaie M., Davari P., Zare F., Rahman M.M., Rahimzadeh H., Ristovski Z., Brown R., Effect of pulsed power on particle matter in diesel engine exhaust using a DBD plasma reactor. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2013, 41(8): 2349–2358.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Azadi M., Farrahi G.H., Moridi A., Optimization of air plasma sprayed thermal barrier coating parameters in diesel engine applications. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2013, 22(11): 3530–3538.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Kuwahara T., Yoshida K., Kuroki T., Hanamoto K., Sato K., Okubo M., Pilot-scale after treatment using non thermal plasma reduction of adsorbed NOx in marine diesel-engine exhaust gas. Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, 2014, 34(1): 65–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Pu X.Y., Cai Y.X., Shi Y.X., et al., Carbon deposit incineration during engine flameout using non-thermal plasma injection. International Journal of Automotive Technology, 2018, 19(3): 421–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Banka V.K., Ramesh M.R., Thermal analysis of a plasma sprayed ceramic coated diesel engine piston. Transactions of Indian Institute of Metals, 2018, 71(2): 319–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Alrashidi A.M.R.N., Adam N.M., Hairuddin A.A., Abdullah L.C., A review on plasma combustion of fuel in internal combustion engines. International Journal of Energy Research, 2018, 42(5): 1813–1833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Liu X.J., He L.M., Xiao Y., Chen Y., Lei J.P., Deng J., Ground verification experiment of plasma-assisted combustion in annular combustor fan-shaped test piece. Journal of propulsion and Power, 2017, 33(6): 1439–1447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Liu X.J., He L.M., Zeng H., et al., Emission characteristics of kerosene-air spray combustion with plasma assistance. AIP Advances, 2015, 5(9): 097180.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Ombrello T., Plasma assisted combustion: systematic decoupling of the kinetic enhancement mechanisms of ignition, flame propagation, and flame stabilization by long lifetime species. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, New Jersey, Princeton, USA, 2009.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Lefebvre A.H., Ballal D.R., Gas turbine combustion: alternative fuels and emissions, 3rd ed., CRC press, Taylor and Francis Group, New York, NY, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    He L.M., Principles of aircraft propulsion system. National Defense Industry Press, Beijing, 2006.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Ju Y.G., Sun W.T., Plasma assisted combustion: Dynamics and chemistry. Progress in Energy & Combustion Science, 2015, 48: 21–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Mu Y., Wang C. D., Liu C. X., Hu C. Y., Xu G., Zhu J. Q., Numerical study of effect of compressor swirling flow on combustor design in a MTE. Journal of Thermal Science, 2017, 26(4): 349–354.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Deng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Changxin Peng
    • 2
  • Liming He
    • 1
  • Shuai Wang
    • 2
  • Jinlu Yu
    • 1
  • Bingbing Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.Science and Technology on Plasma Dynamics LaboratoryAir Force Engineering UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.AECC Hunan Aviation Powerplant Research InstituteZhuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations