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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 16, Issue 11, pp 2548–2561 | Cite as

Wind and sand control by an oasis protective system: a case from the southeastern edge of the Tengger Desert, China

  • Yun-hu Xie
  • Xiao-hong Dang
  • Zhong-ju Meng
  • Hong-tao Jiang
  • Xiao-jia Li
  • Rui-ping Zhou
  • Dan-dan Zhou
  • Xiao-xi Liu
  • Jing Ding
  • Xue-qin Wu
  • Yu-hao Wang
  • Chun-xing Hai
  • Ji WangEmail author
Article

Abstract

Wind and sand control are important factors in combating desertification and protecting oases. An oasis protective system can provide these benefits, but quantitative research on protection effects has been lacking to date. This research describes an oasis protective system in the southeastern border of the Tengger Desert. The system consists of a sand barrier belt, a shrub and herbaceous plant belt, and a farmland shelter belt. The system was compared to a bare dunes area as the control zone. The study investigated wind proof effect, sediment transport, and erosion through field observations. Results showed that the roughness of the shrub and herbaceous plant belt, farmland shelter belt, and sand barrier belt were increased compared with bare dunes. The shrub and herbaceous plant belt provided the highest wind proof effect values for the same wind velocity measurement height, and the wind proof effect values for different protective belts were as follows: shrub and herbaceous plant belt > farmland shelter belt > sand barrier belt. The sand barrier belt provided effective wind and sand control at heights from 0 to 50 cm above the ground. The total sediment transport for each protective belt is as follows: bare dunes > sand barrier belt > shrub and herbaceous plant belt > farmland shelter belt. The sediment transport decreased exponentially as the height increased. In the bare dunes and protective systems, the sediment transport is mainly within 30 cm of the ground surface. The wind erosion intensity for this protective system was as follows: bare dunes > sand barrier belt > shrub and herbaceous plant belt > farmland shelter belt. This research offers quantitative evidence for how oasis protective systems can effectively intercept sand and prevent erosion in oases. The results of this study can be applied in similar regions.

Keywords

Oasis protective system Windproof effect Sediment transport Wind erosion intensity Tengger Desert Desertification 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was sponsored as a sub-project of the National Key Research and Development Program of China-Desertification Land Management and Sand Industry Technology Research and Development and Demonstration in Inner Mongolia Desertification Area, named Key Techniques and Demonstration of Sand Damage Control in Oasis and Saline-alkali Lake (2016YFC0501003), and Central Government’s Special Fund for Guiding Local Science and Technology Development: Inner Mongolia Desertification Control and Innovation Research Center.

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Desert Contol Science and EngineeringInner Mongolia Agricultural UniversityHohhotChina
  2. 2.College of Geographical ScienceInner Mongolia Normal UniversityHohhotChina
  3. 3.National Positioning Observation Research Station of Hangjin Desert EcosystemOrdosChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Mongolian Plateau Environment and Global ChangeHohhotChina
  5. 5.Inner Mongolia Repair Engineering Laboratory of Wetland Eco Environment SystemHohhotChina

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