Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 168–178 | Cite as

Influence factors on the seismic behavior and deformation modes of gravity retaining walls

  • Hong-wei ZhuEmail author
  • Ling-kan Yao
  • Jing Li


This study investigated the influence factors on the seismic response and deformation modes of retaining walls using large-scale model shaking table tests. Experimental results showed that the distribution of peak seismic earth pressures along the height of a wall was a single peak value curve. The seismic earth pressures on a gravel soil retaining wall were larger than the pressures on the weathered granite and quartz retaining walls. Also, the peak seismic earth pressure increased with increases in the peak ground acceleration and the wall height. The measured seismic active earth pressures on a rock foundation retaining wall were larger than the calculated values, and the action position of resultant seismic pressure was higher than 0.33 H. In the soil foundation retaining wall, the measured seismic earth pressures were much smaller than the calculated values, while the action position was slightly higher than 0.33 H. The soil foundation retaining wall suffered base sliding and overturning under earthquake conditions, while overturning was the main failure mode for the rock foundation retaining walls.


Gravity retaining wall Earthquake action Seismic behavior Deformation mode Shaking table test 


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This research was founded by the National Program on Key Research Project of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0802206), the open research fund of MOE Key Laboratory of High-speed Railway Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University and Doctoral Innovation Fund Program of Southwest University of Science and Technology (Grant No. 16zx7123).


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and ResourceSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.MOE Key Laboratory of High-speed Railway EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.School of Civil EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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