Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 15, Issue 10, pp 2089–2102 | Cite as

Monitoring open water area changes in a small tarn using historical orthophotomaps and a historical bathymetric map: a case study of the Litworowy Staw lake, the High Tatras

  • Juraj KapustaEmail author
  • František PetrovičEmail author
  • Juraj Hreško


According to scientific evidence in general, the disappearance of the Tatras tarns as a result of external geomorphological processes has been accepted since the long term analyses of lake sediments and peat bogs, geomorphological mapping, geophysical measurements (–all indirect methods). It is paradoxical that the direct cartographic evidence of such changes has not existed until now. In this paper, we evaluate shore line changes of the small mountain glacial lake in the High Tatras - Litworowy Staw lake using a multitemporal analysis of a series of historical orthophotomaps and a historical map. Over the last 100 years, the tarn has lost 46.4% of open water level area. Significant visual changes were caused by vegetation growth of Carex species (sedges) on the water’s surface. The accumulation of fine sediments and dead plant residues in the tarn basin create suitable conditions for this process, all together causing the tarn to become more shallow.


Vegetation growth of tarns Monitoring of changes Alpine lakes The High Tatras The Litworowy Staw lake 



This paper has been produced under the scientific project VEGA 1/0207/17 – Development and changes of mountain landscape of the Tatras. We thank to Mgr. Andrea Sedlárová for the technical support in terrain.


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural SciencesConstantine the Philosopher UniversityNitraSlovakia

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