Estimation of mass elevation effect and its annual variation based on MODIS and NECP data in the Tibetan Plateau
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The lofty and extensive Tibetan Plateau has significant mass elevation effect (MEE). In recent years, a great effort has been made to quantify MEE, with the recognition of intra-mountain basal elevation (MBE) as the main determinant of MEE. In this study, we improved the method of estimating MEE with MODIS and NECP data, by refining temperature laps rate, and dividing MBE plots, and then analyzed the spatio-temporal variation of MEE in the Plateau. The main conclusions include: 1) the highest average annual MEE of the plateau is as high as 11.5488°C in the southwest of the plateau, where exists a high-MEE core and MEE takes on a trend of decreasing from the core to the surrounding areas; 2) in the interior of the plateau, the maximum monthly MEE is 14.1108°C in the highest MBE plot (4934 m) in August; while the minimum monthly MEE appeared primarily in January and February; 3) in the peripheral areas of the plateau, annual mean MEE is relatively low, mostly between 3.0068°C–5.1972°C, where monthly MEE is high in January and December and low in June and July, completely different from the MEE time-series variation in the internal parts of the plateau.
KeywordsMass elevation effect Annual temperature change Temperature laps rate Mountain basal elevation In-out temperature difference Tibetan Plateau
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The research is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41401111 and 41601091).
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