An international program on Silk Road Disaster Risk Reduction–a Belt and Road initiative (2016–2020)
- 220 Downloads
Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a Chinese national strategy which calls for cooperative economic, political and cultural exchange at the global level along the ancient Silk Road. The overwhelming natural hazards located along the belt and road bring great challenges to the success of BRI. In this framework, a 5-year international program was launched to address issues related to hazards assessment and disaster risk reduction (DRR). The first workshop of this program was held in Beijing with international experts from over 15 countries. Risk conditions on Belt and Road Countries (BRCs) have been shared and science and technology advancements on DRR have been disseminated during the workshop. Under this program, six task forces have been setup to carry out collaborative research works and three prioritized study areas have been established. This workshop announced the launching of this program which involved partners from different countries including Pakistan, Nepal, Russia, Italy, United Kingdom, Sri Lanka and Tajikistan. The program adopted the objectives of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 and United Nation Sustainable Development Goals 2030 and was implemented to assess disaster risk in BRCs and to propose suitable measures for disaster control which can be appropriate both for an individual country and for specific sites. This paper deals with the outcomes of the workshop and points out opportunities for the near future international cooperation on this matter.
KeywordsNatural hazards Silk Road Disaster risk reduction Belt and Road Initiative Sendai Framework International collaboration program
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This work is supported by the International partnership program (Grant No. 131551KYSB20160002), National Natural Science Foundation Major International (Regional) Joint Research Project (Grant No. 41520104002) and Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of Chinese Academy of Science (Grant No. KFJSTS- ZDTP-015) and Authors would like to thank all participants of the 1st international workshop for sharing their knowledge and experiences.
- Commission Staff Working Paper (2010) Risk Assessment and Mapping Guidelines for Disaster Management. EU, Brussels.Google Scholar
- Derbyshire E (1996) Quanternary and glaccial sediments, glaciation style, climate and uplift in the Karakoram and northwest himalaya: review and speculations. Environemental Changes in the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding Areas. In: Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Palaeoecology. E. Derbshire. pp 147–157.Google Scholar
- Elisseeff V (1998) The silk roads: Highways of culture and commerce. Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
- Muhammad Jamil (2016) Presentation: Natural Hazards along the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and Mitigation Measures, 1st international workshop of SiDRR. Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Commerce of China (2015) Vision and actions on jointly building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-century maritime Silk Road. Beijing, China: Foreign Languages Press.Google Scholar
- Nakata T (1982) A photogrametric study on active faults in the Nepal Himalayas. Journal of the Nepal Geological Society 2: 67–80.Google Scholar
- Tayyeb Akram (2016) Presentation: Natural Hazards Along China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, 1st international workshop of SiDRR. Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- Tilak Priyadarshana (2016) Presentation: Risk Assessment and Mitigation Within a Tsunami Forecasting and Early Warning Framework: A Case Study of Galle Port City, 1st international workshop of SiDRR. Beijing, China.Google Scholar
- UNESCAP-TRATE IOTWS Project (2015) Risk Assessment and Mitigation within a Tsunami Forecasting and Early Warning Framework Case Study-Port City of Galle. p 77.Google Scholar
- United Nations, General Assembly, Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, A/69/L.85 (12 August 2015). (www.un.org, assessed on: 2017-1-22)Google Scholar
- Varnes DJ (1984) Landslide hazard zonation: a review of principles and practice. UNESCO.Google Scholar
- Villagran de Leon JC (2008) Rapid assessment of potential impacts of a tsunami: Lessons learnt from the port of Galle in Sri Lanka. No.9, SOURCE Publication Series of UNU-EHS, Bonn. p 96.Google Scholar