Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 2079–2095 | Cite as

Recent research progress in geochemical properties and restoration of heavy metals in contaminated soil by phytoremediation

  • Jiang-tao FuEmail author
  • Dong-mei Yu
  • Xi Chen
  • Ying Su
  • Cai-hong Li
  • Yong-ping Wei


Heavy metals are widely distributed contaminants in natural environments and their potential threats to human health have attracted worldwide concerns due to the food chain. Therefore, great efforts have been made to reduce them to a safe level in soil. Compared with the traditional methods, the method using plants to remove them has been accepted as a feasible and efficient way. Herein, the geochemical behavior of heavy metals and the restoration methods with phytoremediation were reviewed. In addition, issues on heavy metal speciation as well as its influencing factors, phytoremediation mechanism, phytoremediation effect and vegetation selection principle used for phytoremediation were discussed.


Heavy metals Geochemical properties Phytoremediation Hyperaccumulator 


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The project has been financially supported by the Special Fund of Shaanxi Education Department (18JK0172), and the Initial Funding of Talent in Shaanxi University of Technology (SLGQD2017-02). And authors are grateful for Hu Xia-song, Han Wen-xia and Zeng Fang-ming from Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences for giving essential help of the manuscript.

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11629_2017_4752_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (78 kb)
Recent research progress in geochemical properties and restoration of heavy metals in contaminated soil by phytoremediation


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureShaanxi University of TechnologyHanzhongChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Comprehensive and Highly Efficient Utilization of Salt Lake Resources, Qinghai Institute of Salt LakesChinese Academy of SciencesXiningChina
  3. 3.School of biological sciences and engineeringShaanxi University of TechnologyHanzhongChina
  4. 4.Shaanxi University of TechnologyHanzhongChina

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