Culturing conditions highly affect DNA methylation and gene expression levels in MCF7 breast cancer cell line
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The levels of DNA methylation and their role in gene expression are key factors that could affect diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options of different diseases. In this study, the methylation levels of 22 genes that are mostly correlated to breast cancer were determined using EpiTect methyl II PCR array. This analysis was performed to determine the effect of cells’ passage number and the use of antibiotics in the culturing media on gene methylation levels in MCF7 cell line. DNA methylation levels of PTGS2, ADAM23, HIC1, and PYCARD were found to be significantly different among different passages. While the DNA methylation levels of CCNA1, RASSF1, and THBS1 were found to be affected by the use of 1% of penicillin/streptomycin in the culture media. Gene expression analysis after demethylation using 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine showed that the gene expression levels of the hypermethylated genes varied between different passage numbers. This study shows that the presence of antibiotic within cultured media and cell line’s passage number could greatly affect the methylation levels that need to be considered in future studies on cell lines.
KeywordsDNA methylation Breast cancer mcf-7 cell line Passage number Penicillin/streptomycin
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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