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Rethinking sustainable bioenergy development in Japan: decentralised system supported by local forestry biomass

  • Chun Sheng GohEmail author
  • Takanobu Aikawa
  • Amanda Ahl
  • Kanae Ito
  • Chihiro Kayo
  • Yasunori Kikuchi
  • Yasuo Takahashi
  • Takaaki Furubayashi
  • Toshihiko Nakata
  • Yuichiro Kanematsu
  • Osamu Saito
  • Yoshiki Yamagata
Special Feature: Case Report Developing Sustainable Bio-Energy Systems in Asia
  • 79 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Feature: Developing Sustainable Bio-Energy Systems in Asia

Abstract

Bioenergy has been promoted in Japan with ambitious targets. However, the incentive schemes excluded renewable heat and overlooked synergies with local forest management, leading to the development of large-scale biomass plants that heavily rely on overseas biomass supplies. This case report discussed an alternative scenario of decentralised bioenergy systems supported with local biomass through five important questions. The currently available knowledge indicates that such a scenario is feasible with integrative forest management that considers both ecosystem services and multiple uses of wood. In addition to various environmental benefits, replacing imported fossil fuels with local biomass can also enhance energy security. Realising this scenario requires careful consideration of local context, empowerment of local governments and encouragement of both public and private initiatives.

Keywords

Biomass Bioenergy Japan Forest Sustainability Decentralised system 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant number JP 17F17776 to carry out this work. Presenters and participants of the workshop (on 28 June 2018 at UNU, Tokyo) that was purposely organised to discuss the questions posted in this paper are acknowledged for their valuable information and comments (see https://ias.unu.edu/en/news/news/bioenergy-workshop-2.html#info). We would like to especially thank Prof. Hideo Sakai and Dr. Mika Yoshida for their inputs in the beginning.

Supplementary material

11625_2019_734_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2526 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun Sheng Goh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Takanobu Aikawa
    • 3
  • Amanda Ahl
    • 4
  • Kanae Ito
    • 5
  • Chihiro Kayo
    • 6
  • Yasunori Kikuchi
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
  • Yasuo Takahashi
    • 10
  • Takaaki Furubayashi
    • 11
  • Toshihiko Nakata
    • 11
  • Yuichiro Kanematsu
    • 8
  • Osamu Saito
    • 1
  • Yoshiki Yamagata
    • 2
  1. 1.United Nations University, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (UNU-IAS)TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Japan’s National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES)TsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Renewable Energy InstituteTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of InnovationTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School for Law and PoliticsThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  6. 6.Tokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  7. 7.Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science (IR3S)The University of Tokyo, Institutes for Advanced StudyTokyoJapan
  8. 8.Presidential Endowed Chair for ‘‘Platinum Society”The University of Tokyo, Ito International Research CenterTokyoJapan
  9. 9.Department of Chemical System EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  10. 10.Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)HayamaJapan
  11. 11.Department of Management Science and Technology Graduate School of EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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