E-cigarette Use Is Associated with Non-prescribed Medication Use in Adults: Results from the PATH Survey
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Electronic cigarettes (“e-cigs”) are devices designed to simulate smoking cigarettes by heating a liquid that usually contains glycerine, propylene glycol, flavors, and nicotine, a behavior commonly known as “vaping.”1 E-cig use has significantly increased in popularity during the last decade, particularly among adolescents and young adults.2 Although they have been promoted as a safer alternative to smoking conventional cigarettes, e-cigs are not without harm,1 and additionally, recent reports suggest that e-cigs could also be used as illicit drug delivery systems.3 This is highly relevant as e-cig users have reported other high-risk behavior when compared with subjects who do not use them, including alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use.4, 5
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between e-cig use and a participant’s report of non-prescription use of controlled prescription medications, including1 pain killers, sedatives or tranquilizers, and/or2the...
Dr. Cheryl Oncken receives support from the NIH grants R01CA207491 and R01HD069314. She has also received clinical trial support from Pfizer pharmaceuticals.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Dr. Mortensen has consulted, and provided expert testimony, for Paratek Pharmaceuticals. All remaining authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.