Lack of Association Between Age and Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC): a Cross-Sectional Study
Coronary artery disease (CAD) has both modifiable risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and non-modifiable ones including age, ethnicity, gender, and family history. These factors predispose a person to develop coronary artery calcification (CAC) which can be used to measure the extent of coronary heart disease. Stroke shares similar risk factors to CAC which has been associated with progression of atherosclerotic disease in the cerebrovascular system. The presence of CAC acts as an independent stroke predictor in the general population and CAC scores are superior to carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) for prediction of CHD and CVD events, including stroke and TIA.1 CAC score improves prediction, discrimination, and reclassification of CVD and CHD risk better than carotid ultrasound measures.
Various techniques can be used to detect calcifications including non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (CT). These results have been shown...
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.
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