The Importance of Addressing Depression and Diabetes Distress in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes often experience two common mental health conditions: depression and diabetes distress. Both increase a patient’s risk for mortality, poor disease management, diabetes-related complications, and poor quality of life. The American Diabetes Association and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommend routine evaluations for these conditions in adults for optimal disease management and prevention of life-threatening complications. However, barriers exist within primary care and specialty settings that make screening for depression and diabetes distress challenging. Depression and diabetes distress influence diabetes self-care and diabetes control and barriers in clinical care practice that can hinder detection and management of psychosocial issues in diabetes care. This paper highlights opportunities to increase mental health screenings and provides strategies to help providers address depression and diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes.
KEY WORDSdiabetes depression diabetes distress primary care providers
The authors are grateful for comments and suggestions from Clarice Conley on earlier drafts of this article.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
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