Comparable Data Between Double Endoscopic Intraluminal Operation and Conventional Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Esophageal Cancer
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of superficial esophageal cancer has been used increasingly as an alternative to surgery because it is minimally invasive and has a high rate of en bloc resection. We previously reported that the double endoscopic intraluminal operation (DEILO) is a useful technique for ESD of early esophageal cancers. In the current study, we showed comparable short-term data between DEILO and conventional ESD groups to demonstrate the further advanced use of DEILO.
We studied 111 esophageal cancer patients with 111 lesions treated using endoscopic surgery between January 2010 and June 2016 at Gunma University Hospital. Of the patients, 51 underwent DEILO (DEILO group) and 60 underwent conventional ESD (ESD group). We compared the operable performance, complications, and pathological outcome between the ESD and DEILO groups.
There was no significant difference in operable performance. However, the DEILO group showed a significantly lower rate of mediastinal emphysema compared to the ESD group (p = 0.025). Overall, the DEILO group showed a lower complication rate compared to the ESD group, although there was no apparent significance.
To our knowledge, this is the first report comparing DEILO and conventional ESD for esophageal cancer. The results showed that DEILO is not inferior to conventional ESD. DEILO is an excellent endoscopic surgical method, although it has some limitations compared to conventional ESD.
KeywordsESD DEILO En bloc resection Endoscopic surgery Complication Mediastinal emphysema Conventional ESD Esophageal cancer
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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