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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 1015–1021 | Cite as

Laparoscopic Surgery for Diverticular Fistulas: Outcomes of 111 Consecutive Cases at a Single Institution

  • Jessica MartinolichEmail author
  • D. Ross Croasdale
  • Avinash S. Bhakta
  • Ashar Ata
  • A. David Chismark
  • Brian T. Valerian
  • Jonathan J. Canete
  • Edward C. Lee
Original Article
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

Background

The purpose of this study was to review our experience with laparoscopic colectomy and fistula resection, evaluate the frequency of conversion to open, and to compare the perioperative courses of the complete laparoscopic and conversion groups.

Methods

This study is a retrospective analysis of 111 consecutive adult patients with diverticular fistulae diagnosed clinically or radiographically over 11 years at a single institution. Five patients were excluded for preoperative comorbidities. The remaining 106 consecutive patients underwent minimally invasive sigmoid colectomy with primary anastomosis. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were collected from the colorectal surgery service database. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed between laparoscopic and converted groups.

Results

Within the group, 47% had colovesical fistulas, followed by colovaginal, coloenteric, colocutaneous, and colocolonic fistulas. The overall conversion rate to laparotomy was 34.7% (n = 37). The most common reason for conversion was dense fibrosis. Mean operative time was similar between groups. Combined postoperative complications occurred in 26.4% of patients (21.4% laparoscopic and 37.8% converted, p = 0.075). Length of stay was significantly shorter in the laparoscopic group (5.8 vs 8.1 days, p = 0.014). There were two anastomotic leaks, both in the open group. There were no 30-day mortalities.

Conclusions

Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy for diverticular fistula is safe, with complication rates comparable to open sigmoid resection. We identify a conversion rate which allows the majority of patients to benefit from minimally invasive procedures.

Keywords

Diverticulitis Sigmoid colectomy Fistula Minimally invasive Laparoscopy 

Notes

Author Contribution

Martinolich J contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Croasdale DR contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Bhakta A contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Ata A contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis and interpretation, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Chismark AD contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Valerian BT contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Canete JJ contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Lee EC contributed substantially to the conception, acquisition, analysis, drafting the work, and final approval and is accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Surgery, Section of Colon and Rectal SurgeryAlbany Medical CenterAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Division of Surgery, Section of Colon and Rectal SurgeryUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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