Mental Illness Has a Negative Impact on Weight Loss in Bariatric Patients: a 4-Year Follow-up
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Mental health disorders are highly prevalent among bariatric surgery patients. Bariatric surgery induces weight loss with continuous health improvements. However, long-term follow-up data on weight loss and quality of life data of patients who have a mental illness after bariatric surgery are scarce, and it is not clear whether mental illness is associated with more pronounced weight regain. The aim was to investigate the impact of preoperative mental illness on the course of long-term weight changes after bariatric surgery.
Patients with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) between 2005 and 2013 with a follow-up of at least 3 years were included. The study population was divided into two groups: patients with mental illness (MI) and patients without (No-MI). Weight loss outcomes over time were compared using mixed models up to 4 years after surgery.
In total, 254 patients (RYGB 61.0%, SG 39%) were included. The distribution of baseline characteristics was similar between the MI (n = 108) and No-MI groups (n = 146). The most prevalent mental illness was depressive disorder (63.9%). In the MI group, the percent of total weight loss (%TWL) was significantly smaller over the study period. After 36 months, the predicted mean group-difference of %TWL was 4.6% (95% CI 1.9, 7.2; p = 0.001), and the predicted odds ratio for weight regain was 4.9 (95% CI 1.6, 15.1) for patients in the MI group.
Preoperative mental illness leads to lower long-term weight loss and an increased risk of weight regain after bariatric surgery.
KeywordsMental illness Bariatric surgery Depression Weight loss outcomes Weight change Long-term
The authors would like to acknowledge Clyde Schechter and Andrew Atkinson for their helpful comments and critical reading of the manuscript.
Each author has participated significantly in the work and takes public responsibility for it.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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