Pediatric Living Donor Liver Transplantation Using a Monosegment Procured by Pure 3D Laparoscopic Left Lateral Sectionectomy and In situ Reduction

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Improvements in laparoscopic imaging systems and instruments have increased the performance of pure laparoscopic living donor hepatectomy. This operation is no longer limited to left lateral sectionectomy but is used for left hepatectomy and right hepatectomy.1-5 This report describes a donor who underwent pure laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy and in situ reduction using 3D laparoscopy and indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography to obtain a monosegment.


A 43-year-old woman offered to donate part of her liver to her daughter, who required a transplant for acute liver failure after a Kasai operation for biliary cirrhosis caused by biliary atresia. Donor height was 150.4 cm, body weight was 56.8 kg, and body mass index was 25.1 kg/m2. Liver dynamic CT showed a left lateral liver volume of 223 cm3, and an estimated graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) of 4.4%. The entire procedure including in situ reduction was performed under 3D laparoscopic view. The optimal bile duct division point was determined by real time ICG fluorescence cholangiography.


The total operation time was 320 min, with no transfusion required and no intraoperative complications. Intraoperative real time ICG fluorescence cholangiography revealed the donor’s bile duct anatomy and identified the optimal division point. The final graft weighed 167 g, 48 g being reduced in situ, with a GRWR of 3.3%. The donor was discharged on postoperative day 8 with no complications.


Pure 3D laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy and in situ reduction are feasible for obtaining a donor monosegment for pediatric living donor liver transplantation.

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Author information

Conceptualization: Suk Kyun Hong, Kyung-Suh KS. Surgery: Kyung Suk Suh, Nam-Joon Yi, Hyeyoung Kim, Suk Kyun Hong. Data curation: Hong SK, Hyo-Sin Kim, Sung-Woo Ahn, Kyung Chul Yoon. Video editing: Suk Kyun Hong. Writing: Suk Kyung Hong, Kyung-Suk Suh, Kwang-Woong Lee.

All authors are in agreement with the contents of the manuscript and confirm that the paper is not being published or under consideration elsewhere.

Correspondence to Kyung-Suk Suh.

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Suk Kyun Hong, Kyung-Suk Suh, Hyo-Sin Kim, Kyung Chul Yoon, Sung-Woo Ahn, Hyeyoung Kim, Nam-Joon Yi, and Kwang-Woong Lee have no conflicts of interest.

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Hong, S.K., Suh, K., Kim, H. et al. Pediatric Living Donor Liver Transplantation Using a Monosegment Procured by Pure 3D Laparoscopic Left Lateral Sectionectomy and In situ Reduction. J Gastrointest Surg 22, 1135–1136 (2018) doi:10.1007/s11605-018-3705-1

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  • Living donor liver transplantation
  • Laparoscopy
  • Reduction
  • Pediatric liver transplantation
  • Indocyanine green