Microstructure and Solid/Liquid Interface Evolutions of Directionally Solidified Fe-Al-Ta Eutectic Alloy
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A modified Bridgman directional solidification technique was used to prepare Fe-Al-Ta eutectic in situ composites at different growth rates ranging from 6 to 80 µm/s. The directionally solidified Fe-Al-Ta eutectic composites are composed of two phases: Fe(Al,Ta) matrix phase, and Fe2Ta(Al) Laves phase. Solidification microstructure is affected by solidification rate. Microstructure of the Fe-Al-Ta eutectic alloy grown at 6.0 µm/s is broken-lamellar eutectic. Eutectic colonies are formed with the increase of the solidification rate. Microstructures are mainly composed of the lamellar or fibrous eutectic at the center of the colony and coarse lamellar eutectic zone at the boundary. Meanwhile, the inter-lamellar spacing (or the inter-rod spacing) is decreased. The spacing adjustments are also observed in Fe-Al-Ta eutectic alloy. The solid/liquid interface evolves from planar interface to shallow cellular interface, then to deep cellular, and finally to shallow cellular planar with the increase of the solidification rate.
Key wordsdirectional solidification solidification rate eutectic alloy solid/liquid interface
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