Thermodynamic Stability of Sulfate Ions on Calcium Aluminosilicate Hydrate Microstructure
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The thermodynamic stability of sulfate ions on synthesized calcium aluminosilicate hydrate (C-A-S-H) microstructure with different Ca/Si ratios and Al/Si ratios was investigated by XRD, SEM-EDS, 29Si and 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and thermodynamic modeling. The results indicate that sulfate attack leads to both decalcification and dealumination for C-A-S-H gels, and the amount of corrosion products (gypsum and ettringite) decreased gradually with decreasing Ca/Si ratios of C-A-S-H. Sulfate ions can also promote the polymerization degree of C-A-S-H gels, improving its resistance to sulfate attack. Moreover, the 4-coordination aluminum (Al) in C-A-S-H, 5-coordination aluminum (Al), 6-ccordination aluminum (Al) in TAH (third aluminum hydrate) and Al in monosulfate or C-A-H (calcium aluminate hydrate) can be transformed into Al in ettringite by sulfate attack. Furthermore, through thermodynamic calculation, the decrease of Ca/Si ratios and increase of Al/Si ratios can improve the thermodynamic stability of C-A-S-H gels under sulfate attack, which agrees well with the experiment results.
Key wordssulfate attack calcium aluminosilicate hydrate thermodynamic stability microstructure
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