Preparation of Rod-like Aluminum Doped Zinc Oxide Powders by Sol-gel Technique Using Metal Chlorides and Acetylacetone Precursors
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Al-doped ZnO (AZO) powders were prepared by using metal chloride precursors and the sol-gel technique. IR peaks observed at 1590 cm-1 and 1620 cm-1 indicated the formation of metal chelate as a consequence of the addition of acetylacetone to the metal chloride solution. TG-DSC analysis of the AZO gels confirmed the formation of metal chelate as evidenced by the development of several weight loss peaks accompanied by the introduction of new endothermic peaks. The resulting AZO gels were annealed at 500, 600, and 800 °C to study the effect of annealing temperature. XRD and SEM results showed that crystallization of AZO gels takes place around 600 °C. Hexagonal wurtzite structure was identified as the main phase for all the samples. In addition, small shift of the XRD (002) peak coupled with XPS results from the AZO powders confirmed the successful doping of the ZnO powders. Micron sized rod-like AZO powders were uniform in dimension and morphology and remained stable even at 800 °C.
Key wordsaluminum doped ZnO rod-like metal chloride sol gel acetylacetone
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This study was financially supported by Instituto Politécnico Nacional through the project SIP-IPN- 20182176. The authors would like to thank Centro de Nanociencias y Micro y Nanotecnologías-IPN for the analytical methods. One of the authors Keshtkar J wishes to thank National Council of Science and Technology of México (CONACYT) the scholarship for doctoral studies.
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